How To Acquire A Divorce Decree When Your Spouse Is Nowhere To Be Found

Estranged spouses in marriage are pretty common, but they are often no more than a few miles away. If you are trying to obtain a divorce from an estranged spouse, and you have no idea where he or she is, the divorce process is more complicated. The first thing you need to do is hire a divorce attorney from a firm like Granowitz, White & Weber Attorneys at Law, and then ask about the laws in your state regarding this particular divorce situation. Typically, you will need to consider the following in your pursuit of personal freedom from a non-existent, in absentia partner.

No Contact, Minimal Contact

Estranged can mean one of two things:

  1. Your spouse still has minimal contact with you because you share children or you have some social interaction among the same group of friends, but you are emotionally estranged.
  2. You have no contact with each other whatsoever and are physically estranged as well as emotionally estranged.

Your lawyer and the divorce court judge will want to know which distinction you use to describe your lack of relationship with your spouse.

Attempts to Serve Papers

If you have a vague idea of where your spouse might be, but neither you nor the state department of child support/ human services has been able to pinpoint his location, the courts will attempt to locate him too. Even with a lawyer’s help, you cannot garner a decree of divorce until every attempt has been made to serve papers on your soon-to-be ex. Most courts in most states consider this fair warning, and will not proceed until due course has been executed.


Additionally, some states require that you place a national advertisement in papers announcing your search for a divorce from your spouse. In legal terms this is called a “publication”. It gives your spouse one final chance to answer and appear before the judge rules in your favor.

The Final Action

On your court date, your lawyer will present the facts in your case and the claims you make to any and all property your ex has left behind. When your spouse does not show up to claim anything, or present the court with his or her current address for the purpose of child support and alimony, the judge finds everything in your favor. Some states may allow a grace period wherein your ex can reappear and reclaim property, but it is very rare, especially when these spouses have been gone for years.

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3 Factors That Might Cause Motorcycle Accidents

When most people think about motorcycle accidents, they might automatically assume that the motocyclist or another driver was at fault for the accident. While that is the case in the vast majority of accidents, there are also other causes of motorcycle accidents. Some of those causes might mean that an injured motorcyclist can opt to seek compensation from a third-party entity, which means seeking compensation from someone other than the other driver. 

Wheel wobble

If a high-speed wobble is the cause of a motorcycle accident, the manufacturer of the motorcycle might be held liable for the accident, according to FindLaw. A wobble accident occurs when the front end of the motorcycle begins to wobble at higher speeds. This makes the motorcycle unstable, which can lead to an accident. A misalignment of the wheels is one condition that might lead to wobble accidents.

Design and defects

There are some instances in which the design of the motorcycle or defects that occur during the manufacturing process can lead to accidents. When that occurs, injured motorcyclists can file a product liability lawsuit against the company that designed the motorcycle, the company that manufactured the motorcycle, or both. This type of claim entails proving that the company or companies responsible should have foreseen that the issue would cause an accident.

Hazardous conditions

Because motorcycles only have two wheels, they can become unstable when maneuvering over obstacles that wouldn’t affect four-wheel vehicles. A small patch of gravel, an oil slick, and uneven pavement are examples of hazardous conditions that might lead to a motorcycle accident. When these accidents occur, the injured motorcyclist might choose to seek compensation through a premises liability lawsuit. In that case, the owner of the roadway would be the person who would be considered the defendant in the case. When the road is owned by a government entity, a notice of claim or notice of tort is required prior to moving forward with the case.

As you can see, gathering evidence and concisely stating your claim are vital in motorcycle accident cases. This might mean that you need to get experts to testify or that you have to go through a lengthy process of proving your side. Because motorcycle injury cases can be complex, obtaining the help of an experienced attorney (from George T. Bochanis Law Offices or another firm) who has experts available is vital. An experienced attorney can also help you to learn about the claim process and interpret applicable laws.

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3 Essential Types Of Documents To Provide Your Tax Accountant

For most people, few things generate more stress than completing yearly taxes. Luckily, that’s what tax accountants are for–to shoulder the burden of that stress. But in order for a tax accountant to do the best job, they’re going to need the right information. If you are planning to have a tax accountant handle your taxes this year, read on. This article will outline three types of documents you should be sure to give them.

1. Income documents

First and foremost, your accountant is going to need to know how much you made last year. The most common such document is the W-2 form. This details not only the amount of your income, but the amount of deductions that were taken out of it.

Just as important as the W-2, however, are the various 1099 forms. Because not everybody has to deal with these forms, fewer people are aware of them. Some of the most common 1099 forms include:

  • 1099-MISC – used to report money earned through self-employment or as an independent contractor
  • 1099-INT – used to report income from interest and dividends
  • 1099-B – used to report brokerage income from stocks and bonds
  • 1099-S – used to report real estate income

2. Expense documents

Here’s where that shoe box bulging with business-related receipts comes in. But when it comes to expense documents, there are much more than just those.

For instance, it is now common to receive many receipts and invoices in a purely digital form. Plan on trawling through your inbox to hunt these down. (Hint: search for emails with attachments, as such receipts are often sent as pdfs.)

In addition, you’ll want to track down proof of the following:

  • job-related education expenses
  • medical expenses
  • charitable contributions
  • child care costs
  • interest paid on your mortgage
  • any other types of interest paid

3. Proof of loss (if applicable)

If your business or home suffered some sort of loss during the year–say through a fire, a flood, or a theft–you may not have access to all of the relevant documents. Believe it or not, the IRS is actually somewhat understanding of this. In many cases, you may even be eligible to apply for special tax deductions.

In order to do this, however, you will need to provide your tax accountant with as much relevant information as you can. This extends to such documents as:

  • photographs
  • disaster-related receipts
  • insurance claim reports

Bottom Line

A good tax accountant can save you not only time and stress, but money as well. Remember, though, that it is up to you to provide them with the information they need. The more documents you provide, the more they may be able to save you. The three classes of documents discussed above should provide a good place to start.

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3 Reasons To Hire A Criminal Attorney

There are some situations that you simply can’t get out of with words. Perhaps you missed a court date, ran a red light or got into a fight that turned in a fist brawl and were charged with a crime. Regardless of what your criminal charges may be, you will need legal expertise to help you during this difficult time. By knowing the reasons to hire this specialized attorney and ways this person can assist you, you might be motivated schedule an appointment.

The Lawyer Will Listen To Your Case

The role of any attorney is to listen to you and advise you legally on what to do. This will happen on your first consultation in many cases, but be prepared to answer the questions listed below:

1. What was the date of the crime?

2. What crime were you charge with committing?

3. Where did the conviction take place?

4. Were drugs involved in any way and did you attempt to sell drugs?

5. Were there any other people around when you were charged with this crime?

6.  Do you feel these charges shouldn’t have been filed?

The more details you can provide to the criminal attorney, the better legal advice you will receive.

Complete Legal Filings

A response must be provided to the court regarding your conviction, and the lawyer can do this for you. The complexity of the law makes it imperative to rely on a professional in this field who legally knows what to do and will complete the necessary paperwork on your behalf.

Listed below are some legalities the attorney can attend to for you.

1. The lawyer can meet with the judge and file a motion of not guilty for the client.

2. Ask for a mistrial if a verdict that is reached is not agreeable by the client.

3. In some cases, the lawyer can appeal a verdict that is set by the courts.

Decrease Your Penalties

It is possible a criminal attorney can decrease the charges that were made against you. This could result in lower fees that may be payable to the plaintiff or court, or reduced jail time.

For example, if you were convicted of driving under the influence, this often carries strict penalties that must be carried out by the driver. The attorney you select can work on your behalf to decrease these.

Finally, your best defense in an unfortunate situation of being convicted of a crime is to hire a criminal attorney. This will allow you the opportunity to gain the legal expertise you need at this time.

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Ways Your Lawyer Can Mount A Disorderly Conduct Defense

Disorderly conduct is a charge that can encompass a lot of things. It can mean that you’ve being accused of being drunk in public, loitering, or using vulgar or obscene language in a public place.

Some people think this charge can be used as a catch-all or be unfairly applied. For example, when a celebrity uses foul language or makes an obscene gesture at a photographer, they’re not likely to be arrested. A drunken fan yelling obscenities in a football stadium also probably won’t be charged. But if the scenario is flipped to include an inner-city teenager instead of a celebrity or fan, will he or she be charged?

If you’re charged with disorderly conduct, you should be aware that it’s a criminal offense. It’s on the lower end of the scale, to be sure, but it still means you’ve been accused of a crime. If you’re convicted, it could have consequences that extend to, among other things, your job and your ability to maintain a professional license.

The following are some possible ways to defend against a disorderly conduct charge:

A lack of a threat

In some jurisdictions, your actions have to rise to the level of a threat to the safety of others. This, of course, is very subjective. Your lawyer may be able to argue that no one’s safety was threatened, especially if you have a witness. For example, if you lost your temper in public and cursed at your friend, he may be willing to testify that he did not feel threatened by you.

Protected speech

Your lawyer may be able to argue that your language is protected by your right to freedom of speech under the Constitution’s First Amendment.

Failure to hear an officer’s order

Sometimes people are charged with disorderly conduct because the police officer says they didn’t disperse when ordered to. It’s possible to argue that you didn’t hear or understand the officer, especially if you were in a large crowd of people.

Self defense

If a disorderly conduct charge is a result of a physical altercation, it may be possible to argue self defense.

Mistaken identification

If you’re in a crowd of friends, for example, and they’re drinking and yelling obscenities, you may be mistakenly arrested even though you were merely an onlooker.

Contact a criminal defense attorney, such as at Balduf William Law Office, if you’ve been charged with disorderly conduct. He or she can make sure your rights are protected, defend you against the charges, and, if necessary, represent you in court.

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